Exploring the Moon: Apna Chandrayaan Mission


On September 7, 2019, India made history by successfully placing its spacecraft, Chandrayaan-2, in lunar orbit. This incredible achievement marked a significant milestone for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the country’s space exploration program as a whole. But what exactly is Chandrayaan-2 and why is it such a crucial mission?

Understanding Chandrayaan-2

Chandrayaan-2 is India’s second lunar exploration mission, following the success of its predecessor, Chandrayaan-1, which discovered water on the moon in 2008. Launched on July 22, 2019, Chandrayaan-2 consisted of an orbiter, lander (Vikram), and rover (Pragyan), with the primary goal of studying the lunar surface and carrying out high-resolution mapping.

The Objectives of the Mission

  1. Orbiter: The orbiter’s primary function is to observe and map the moon from above, capturing high-resolution images and analyzing the lunar surface composition.

  2. Lander (Vikram): The lander was designed to make a soft landing near the south pole of the moon, a region that has not been explored extensively before. It was equipped with instruments to study the moon’s seismic activity and thermal properties.

  3. Rover (Pragyan): The rover was intended to explore the lunar surface, analyze soil samples, and conduct experiments to further our understanding of Earth’s natural satellite.

Impact of the Chandrayaan-2 Mission

The successful completion of Chandrayaan-2 would have had several significant implications:

  • Technological Advancements: The mission demonstrated India’s technological capabilities, specifically in terms of lunar landing and rover technology.

  • Scientific Discoveries: The data collected by the various instruments onboard the spacecraft would have provided valuable insights into the moon’s composition, geology, and potentially even its history.

  • International Collaboration: Chandrayaan-2 had payloads from various international space agencies, facilitating collaboration and the sharing of scientific knowledge.

Unfortunately, the mission faced a setback when the lander, Vikram, lost communication with ISRO during its descent, resulting in a failed landing attempt. Despite this, the orbiter continues to orbit the moon, providing valuable data and insights.

The Future of Indian Lunar Exploration

Despite the setback with Chandrayaan-2, ISRO remains committed to exploring the moon and beyond. The organization is currently working on Chandrayaan-3, a follow-up mission that aims to build upon the learnings from Chandrayaan-2 and achieve a successful lunar landing.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What is the purpose of Chandrayaan-2?

Chandrayaan-2 aims to study the moon’s surface and composition, particularly in the unexplored south pole region.

  1. What happened to the lander, Vikram?

The lander lost communication during its descent to the lunar surface, resulting in a failed landing attempt.

  1. What instruments were onboard the spacecraft?

The orbiter, lander, and rover each carried a suite of instruments for studying various aspects of the moon.

  1. What are the potential implications of Chandrayaan-2‘s success?

The success of Chandrayaan-2 would have advanced India’s technological capabilities, led to scientific discoveries, and promoted international collaboration.

  1. What is the status of future Indian lunar missions?

ISRO is working on Chandrayaan-3, a mission that seeks to achieve a successful lunar landing and further explore the moon’s surface.

In conclusion, Chandrayaan-2 may not have achieved all its objectives, but it represents a significant step forward for India’s space exploration efforts. The mission has showcased the country’s technological prowess and determination to explore the mysteries of the moon. As ISRO looks towards future lunar missions, the legacy of Chandrayaan-2 will undoubtedly continue to inspire and drive India’s ambitions in space exploration.


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